How Canada Stacks Up in Human Rights
Each of us is entitled to be protected with human rights. There are a lot of them. These human rights are universal, agreed by citizens from different parts of the globe. Included is the right to own property, live free from slavery and torture, as well as the right to dignity and equality.
Human rights in Canada are strictly protected by territorial, federal, and provincial laws. They were stemmed from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. John Humphrey is a Canadian scholar and lawyer who played an imperative part in writing the Declaration way back in 1948. The Declaration featured a list of thirty articles highlighting the universal human rights of Canadians.
Canada’s Human Rights Focus on Key Issues
Canada strongly advocates democratic values advancement and human rights protection. It champions the values of diversity, respect, and peaceful pluralism, responsible and comprehensive governance, in addition to the rights of refugees and women. Its efforts are solely focused on many important issues including:
- The empowerment of both girls and women, gender equality, as well as the protection and promotion of their human rights.
- Youth and children’s rights, with priorities including forced and early marriage, putting a stop to sexual exploitation and protecting children in weaponized battle.
- Advocate ending the discrimination and violence against bisexual, gay, lesbian, intersex, and transgender.
- People with disabilities are supported by their global development assistance activities and multilateral activities.
- The protection and promotion of freedom of belief or religion as part of the constructive engagement of Canada around the world.
- Uphold the country’s dedications, champions abroad and at home, respect the obligations, and the person’s human rights who need protection or who are persecuted or displaced.
- Promote the rights of indigenous persons both abroad and within the country.
Apart from these, Canada is also committed to promoting climate change and human rights, internet freedom, and pluralism and diversity. It collaborates with other states to aid in meeting the human rights commitments, such as through universal development assistance, administrative and legal training, etc. With the state’s effort to protect and promote these human rights, Canada is highly recognized as a global leader with the help of various groups and organizations like the United Nations, the Organization of American States, La Francophonie, and the Group of Seven or G7.
The Importance of ‘Charter’ in the Legal History of Canada
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a statement of freedoms and rights. It was in 1982 when this bill of rights added in the Constitution. It is considered a powerful legal tool that aims to give Canadians the protection they need against breaches of specific freedoms and rights through the assistance of provincial and federal governments.
The Charter’s first twenty-four sections stressed out major protections, including democratic rights, fundamental freedoms, equality rights, mobility rights, language rights, and legal rights. Examples of these are the right to vote, freedom of expression, right be to free from discrimination of any forms based on marital status, race, or sexual orientation, the right to re-enter and leave the country, and the right to an attorney.